Hyper-V Manager and Failover Cluster Tools
August 18, 2011
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I’ve noticed from the query hits against the master install document that it isn’t obvious how to access these tools.
You need a copy of Windows 7 (Professional or higher) or a GUI installation of Windows Server 2008 R2.
- Download and run the installation pack for Remote Server Administration Tools.
- Open the Control Panel.
- Category view: Programs->Turn Windows features on or off (top of the right pane)
- Small/Large Icons view: Programs and Features->Turn Windows features on or off (left pane)
- Expand “Remote Server Administration Tools”.
- These tools extend far beyond just managing Hyper-V and a cluster. The items relevant to this posting are:
- Feature Administration Tools->Failover Clustering Tools
- Hyper-V Tools
Windows Server 2008 R2
- Open Server Manager (right-click “Computer” and click “Manage”).
- Highlight the “Features” node in the left pane.
- Click “Add Features” either in the right pane or on the context menu for the Features node.
- The features relevant to this posting are in the same path as #4 from the Windows 7 directions above. Note that since this is a server, it has a check box in the root tree to install Failover Clustering. Doing so at that level enables the server to become a candidate for clustering, which, if it’s a management server, is probably not what you want.
For both Windows 7 and Server 2008 R2, the tools are located under Start->Administrative Tools.
- This tool is not cluster aware.
- You must manage the hosts individually using the “Connect to Server…” links for every host.
- It cannot migrate VMs.
- Once a server is added, the tool remembers it each time you run the program and will attempt to reconnect.
- Use this tool if you want to create non-clustered VMs on a clustered Hyper-V host, which SCVMM cannot do (this shortcoming is supposed to be addressed in SCVMM 2012).
- Use this tool to manage your virtual networks/switches. SCVMM also cannot do this (another shortcoming that 2012 is intended to cover).
- Because it is not cluster-aware, all VMs created in Hyper-V Manager are non-HA. If you have a VM in High Availability mode that you wish to convert to non-HA, use this tool to export and import the VM.
Failover Cluster Manager
- Use this tool to build and manage your clusters. It is aware of the Hyper-V role but will call Hyper-V Manager for any VM maintenance tasks. SCVMM 2012 is expected to take over much of what this tool is used for in relation to Hyper-V.
- Use this tool to build and manage Cluster Shared Volumes (CSV).
- This tool can Quick and Live Migrate VMs.
- This tool can convert a non-HA VM to high availability mode. It will not convert the other way.
- This tool manages the cluster networks (Cluster Communications, CSV, LiveMigration, and Management). It will not manage your virtual switches.
- Use this tool if you need to evict a node from your cluster (this should be a tool of last resort; eviction tends to cause more problems than it solves).